KTH-China Energy Center



Program 5: Enhancement of Research Capabilities on Multi-functional Nanocomposites for Advanced Fuel Cell Technology through EU-Turkish-China Cooperation (NANOCOFC)       HomePage

The project aims to enhance research capacities on nanotechnology, multi-functional materials and advanced applications. Innovations and advances are created on the multi-functional nanocomposites possessing superionic and dual (hybrid) H+/O2- conduction and next generation fuel cell (FC) technology. The project is based on existing Sino-Swedish IT/LTSOFC (intermediate and low temperature solid oxide fuel cell) network cooperation with prominent research institutions in EU and Turkey, and aims at networking research cooperation and joint activities; developing centersí» infrastructure and research or innovation strategies; exchanging and sharing personnel, information, resources and research methodologies; organizing the seminars and EC-China NANOCOFC (nanocomposite LTSOFCs) workshops; Raising public participation and awareness; promoting the trans-tech. and research achievements to industry and to establish new ways of production research in cooperation with China. The EU-level networking NANOCOFC will carry out the world leading R&D activities in the addressed areas.

Challenges/Problems addressed

1ú« Creation of ultra low cost, superior performance FC systems to increase the marketability.

2ú« The innovative approaches for material and advanced FC technology: LTSOFC.

3ú« Networking efforts in EU level and cooperation with China by integrating critical mass to speed up the FC R&D and commercializing process.

Project structure/Technical approach

Project network consists of i) Seven Europe countries, one United Nationsí» organisation and four Chinese participants selected from the Sino-Swedish IT/LTSOFC network; ii) to establish and develop network mechanisms and make joint efforts targeting the problems/challenges. In addition, joint network between EC and China cooperation may also create a super channel in success!
Project technical approaches are:

1. Application of nanotechnology to FC creating ultra low cost, superior performance FCs to increase the marketability.

2. Innovations in materials and technical approaches of nanocomposite LTSOFCs to explore new FC commercial routes/opportunities/potentials.

3. Correspondingly new interesting research fields are growing: i) superionic conduction in interfaces between the constituent phases of the composite, see Figure on the previous page, thus tremendously reducing SOFC working temperature from 1000oC to 300-600oC. This interfacial superionic conduction mechanism in composites is advanced with much lower activation energy and continuous transport channels compared to the conventional single-phase materials; and ii) dual H+/O2- conduction, see also previous Fig., to enhance significantly the FC charge carrier concentrations, thus power outputs. Nanocomposite approach has created superionic conductivity, 10-1 Scm-1 at 500oC (comparable to YSZ conductivity at 1000oC), and dual phase O2-/H+ conduction, resulting in excellent LTSOFC technology, 800-1000 mWcm-2 at 500-580oC, which guarantee successful applications. These are our unique advantages and advanced LTSOFCs not reported by others.

Coordinator contact details:
Dr Bin Zhu
Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)
S-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
Telephone: + 46 8 7908253
Telefax: + 46 8 108579
E-mail: binzhu@kth.se