Skip to main content

Situation of Opportunity in the Growth and Change of three Stockholm City Districts (completed)

Situation of Opportunity in the Growth and Change of three Stockholm City Districts – everyday life, built environment and transport explored as Energy Usage Systems (EUS) and Governance Networks

Funded by: FORMAS (The Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning), The Swedish Energy Agency

Period: 2007-07-01 – 2012-12-31

Project partners

KTH School of Architecture and the Built Environment
Department of Urban Planning and Environment
Environmental Strategies Research

Örjan Svane, Professor, Research Leader, Project Manager
Mattias Höjer, Associate Professor, Senior Researcher
Daniel K. Jonsson, Ph. D., Senior Researcher
Josefin Wangel, Ph. D. student

The School of Industrial Engineering and Management
Department of Energy Technology

Per Lundqvist, Professor, Senior Advisor
Jaime Arias, Ph. D., Senior Researcher
Aleh Kliatsko, Ph. D student

Background

Stockholm and other cities overburden their hinterlands and are almost totally fossil-fuel driven. Sustainable development policies such as the Swedish Environmental Quality Objectives indicate the way forward, but how to research the issue of urban sustainable development? This cross-disciplinary research project, SitCit for short aims to assess the “Situation of opportunity” in achieving 2KW society targets over a 50 year period through study of governance networks and quantitative modeling of potential. The CO2 emissions should also be reduced from today’s levels to 1ton per person and year. The methodology is based on the concepts of Human Activity Systems (HAS - What people do) and Energy Usage Systems (EUS - the system that supports these activities by aid of energy).

What can be changed in buildings, transport systems and users’ habits, how great are the potentials, who are the agents of change? When is change favourable? Research indicates that there are “Situations of Opportunity” in city development when the potential for change is large, resistance low. Climate change, municipal plans and technical innovation leaps are possible "seeds” to Situations. For each district we identify a small number of “seeds” and develop consistent pictures of the planning and realization of the Situation as enacted in the upcoming decades.

Case I: Low-energy alternatives to private transports in Bromma City District.

Case II: Substantially increased energy efficiency through planned refurbishment, changing lifestyle and behaviour and technology substitution of multifamily house in the Rinkeby city district.

Case III: Innovative ICT for decreased energy use in residential buildings and private transports in the Södermalm city district.

The project uses the STELLA software program to build the quantitative models.

Each Situation picture consists of three parallel representations:

· the Scenario is a narrative of the process of change, seen from the future looking back;

· the computerized Energy Usage Model quantifies the outcomes in terms of reduced energy use;

· the Stakeholder Network designates the agents of change and their forms of co-operation.

Keywords: Energy Usage System, Human Activity System, Governance Network, Scenario, Situations of Opportunity, Sustainable Urban Development

PARMENIDES – Plug & plAy EneRgy ManagEmeNt for hybriD Energy Storage
HYSTORE - Hybrid services from advanced thermal energy storage systems
Open-source models for holistic building energy system design at scale
Tank to Grave Management of new Low-GWP Refrigerants (Hantering av nya låg-GWP köldmedier från installation till destruktion)
Novel tool and guidelines for designing ground source heat pumps (GSHPs) in densely populated areas
Data driven lab for building energy systems
Long-term performance measurement of GSHP systems serving commercial, institutional and multi-family buildings
RE-Park
Smart Control Strategies for Heat Pump Systems
Open-source models for holistic building energy system design at scale
Control systems for hybrid solutions based on biomass fueled Stirling engines, solar and wind for rural electrification
Prosumer-Centric Communication for Solar PV Diffusion (completed)
Towards Sustainable (Fossil-free) Heating System in Small Residential Buildings
Solar energy and ground source heat pumps for Swedish multi-family housing (completed)
Solar photovoltaic systems in Swedish cooperative housing (completed)
Smart Control Strategies for Heat Pump Systems (completed)
Creating and Understanding Smart Innovation in Cities
Building heating solutions in China
Accelerating innovation in buildings
High-Resolution GIS District Heating Source-Load Mapping
Smart Solar Hybrid Solutions for Sustainable European Buildings
Digitalization and IoT technologies for Heat Pump systems
Sustainable combined systems for heating of buildings (completed)
Cost- and Energy-Efficient Control Systems for Buildings
Situation of Opportunity in the Growth and Change of three Stockholm City Districts (completed)
Wuxi Sino-Swedish Eco-City Project (completed)
Future Secondary Fluids for indirect refrigeration systems
Smart Fault Detection and Diagnosis for Heat Pumps
Performance indicators for energy efficient supermarket buildings
Magnetic Refrigeration
High-Resolution GIS District Heating Source-Load Mapping
Smart Solar Hybrid Solutions for Sustainable European Buildings
Building state-of-the-art (SotA) supermarket: Putting theory into practice
Efficient utilization of industrial waste heat by low temperature heat driven power cycles – an integrated approach for Swedish Industry
Cooperation between Supermarkets and Real Estate Owners; Energy Efficiency and Business Models
Digitalization and IoT technologies for Heat Pump systems
Capacity control in Heat Pump systems
Alternative secondary fluids
Functional surface coatings for energy efficient heat pumps
Two-phase flow in flat channels
Two phase heat transfer & pressure drop with new environment friendly refrigerants in minichannels (completed)
Numerical Study on flow boiling in micro/mini channels (completed)
Distributed Cold Storages in District Cooling
Integrating Latent Heat Storage into Residential Heating Systems
Simulation of temperature distribution in borehole thermal storages supported by fiber optic temperature measurements (completed)
Solar energy and ground source heat pumps for Swedish multi-family housing (completed)
Neutrons for Heat Storage, NHS, (completed)
4D Monitoring of BTES (completed)
Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (completed)
Deep Borehole Heat Exchanger (completed)
Combined Heat and Power plants in combination with borehole thermal energy storage (completed)
Improved borehole technology for Geothermal Heat Pumps development (completed)
Compact Minichannel Latent Energy Storage for Air Related Cold Storage Applications
Building heating solutions in China
Toward Sustainable (Fossil-free) Heating System in Small Residential Buildings
Renewable Energy Park, RE-Park (completed)
Efficient use of energy wells for heat pumps (completed)
Efficient design of geothermal heating systems (completed)
SPF (completed)